Principal                        8’
Vóce umana                   8’
Bourdon                         8’
Flute douce                    8’
Flute céleste                  8’
Principal                        4’
Flute a fuseau                4’
Doublette                      2'
Larigot                     1 1/3’
Sesquilatera               2 st
Cymbale                    4 st
Doucaine                     16’
Cromorne                      8’
Bombarde en chamade  16’
Trompette en chamade   8’
Clairon en chamade        4’
Presbyterian Church Bellevue, Washington

Opus 3742
was built in 1995 for the First Presbyterian Church of Bellevue, Washington as part of a new church building constructed for a growing congregation. It is an instrument that is generally representative and typical of the church organs Casavant has built in the USA since 1980.

With the three keyboards and a well-occupied pedal, Opus 3742 offers the best sound colors for an American church. The main organ has both basic voices and sound-color registers that are important for solo voices and choir accompaniment, as well as performing organ concerts.
In addition to the basic voices of each keyboard, there are extra sounds such as the horizontal Trompette-en-Chamade and the Chimes which is also typical of American church organs of this art.

That the style elements are based on different traditions, is seen in different characteristics of the organ.
A representative example is given by the three different suspended voices of the organ:
A French-romantic inspired style Vox Céleste
The Italian style of the Principal Céleste: the Voce Humana
The American style of the Flûte Céleste, whose oldest examples are found in organs of Murray Harris and Ernest Skinner. That these different elements coexist in the same organ is typical of an American-style organ.

Although the task of church music is the primary focus of the design of this organ, as with most American church organs of this size and style, the organ literature from almost all periods and nationalities can be interpreted authentically. Many American church music written in the 20th century, especially since 1960 was specially conceived for organs in this style.

The sample set of this organ is meant to get acquainted with the American style. Therefore the price is kept low: 193 Euro incl. VAT

                                                               Sonus Paradisi
Grand d' orgue
Violonbasse                16’
Montre                        8’
Violon                         8’
Flute a cheminée          8’
Flute harmonique          8’
Prestant                      4’
Flute ouverte               4’
Quinte majeure       2 2/3‘
Doublette                    2‘
Cornet                       3st
Fourniture               4-5st
Bombarde                  16’
Trompette                   8‘
Clairon                        4’
Trompette en chamade  8’

Excellent Sample Set

There are two criteria for assessing a sample set:
1. The organ must have a unique character, sounds that are so special that     they add something to the present sample sets
2. The sounds must be recorded at a short distance from the pipes, so that     the character of each register is recorded in the sample

The current organ building in Europe is based on well-preserved historical organs. Often adapted to changing currents, but after reorientation in the second half of the last century, responsible restorations could be carried out. The same standards were also used for new organs. Broadly speaking, there are no major differences between the organs built in northern Europe.

Swiss and French organists who, in addition to their concerts in European countries, also played in America, were enthusiastic about the great sound richness of the American organs. The organ construction is less traditional there, more focused on many registers with subtle differences. This organ has such a large number of unique sound colours that I discover new combinations with every spell. The alternation organ pipes and carillon sounds is surprising.

Soubasse                     32’
Bourdon                       32’
Contrebasse                 16’
Montre                         16’
Soubasse                     16’
Violonbasse                  16’
Bourdon                       16’
Octavebasse                  8’
Flute bouchée                8’
Flute a cheminée            8’
Octave                          4’
Theorbe                      3st
Mixture                       5st
Contre trombone          32’
Trombone                   16’
Bombarde                   16’
Basson                       16’
Doucaine                    16’
Trompete                     8’
Clairon                        4’
Hautbois                      4’
Trompette en chamade  8’
Clairon en chamade       4’

Casavant Frères Organbuilders

Casavant Frères is the principal organ builder in Canada and the north of the United States of America. Founded in 1879 by two brothers: Claver and Samuel Casavant, sons of the organ builder Joseph Casavant. They established the company in Saint Hyacinthe, Québec.

Both brothers learned the profession at Aristide Cavaillé-Coll and further they build their expertise up with other organ builders in Europe. After returning to Canada, they built a large four-keyboard mechanical organ for the Notre-Dame church in Montréal. The organists of that time regarded the instrument as a magnificent achievement and it became a benchmark for the art of organ building.

Casavant organ builders has since built hundreds of organs worldwide. The size of these instruments varied considerably, from small positives with few registers to huge cathedral organs and concert hall organs. The sound style and mechanical structure of the organs changed by the various conceptions that took place in the 20th century. The current style of Casavant Organ building is based on knowledge of mainly French historical organs and the realization of a very wide sound palette.

Bourdon                      16’
Diapason                     8’
Flute majeure              8’
Viola de gambe            8’
Voix celeste                8’
Octave                       4’
Flute a cheminée         4’
Nasard                  2 2/3’
Quarte de nasard         2’
Tierce                   1 3/5’
Piccolo                       1’
Plein jeu                 5 st
Basson                      16’
Trompette                   8’
Hautbois                     8’
Voix humaine              8’
Clairon                       4’

Trompette en chamade 8’
Sounds of the Sample Set

The organ factory is located in the French-oriented part of Canada and that is to be seen in the names of the registers. The base was the style of Cavaillé Coll, but the character of each register is better developed. The flute registers have clear differences, whereby the start of a tone and the build-up to full strength evoke a certain mood. The organist can choose an mood when desired. These differences are also found in Viola sounds and in the reeds.

The Montre is the main register, the sound is closely related to the European Principal. Coloring is possible by adding the Flute Harmonique, the Bourdon or the Viola.

The tonal colors of the Reeds are beautiful solo voices, but also blend well with the labial registers. Striking is the own character of every reed. Where in European organs the characters are often close together, these voices, like the flutes, have unique differences. When an organist seeks a specific voice to show exactly what he wants to express, this organ offers many possibilities.

The flutes have a pleasant sound flow from a velvetlike bass to a clear but still round sound in the treble. A varied use of the four-foot flutes allows subtle differences to be heard.

The plenum sound is majestic and yet transparent. The sound richness of this Sample Set is extraordinary. Every day there are new combinations to be found.

The chime with its beautiful Carillon sounds gives an extra dimension.

Of course, these samples must also be voiced on the speakers of the organ. In the Hauptwerk Manual is detailed described how an organist can do it himself. In the Sample Set of this Casavant organ this can be done very well with the Quick method, where the Master line slider adjusts the entire register. Due to the great uniformity of the samples, there is only little to be corrected per key.